Food and Ingredients
Halal food can be prepared, processed or stored in different sections or lines within the same premises where non-halal foods are produced, provided that necessary measures are taken to prevent any contact between halal and non-halal foods. Processed food is only Halal if the raw materials, ingredients and additives fully conform to Islamic guidelines.
All foods are considered Halal EXCEPT: Swine / pork and all its by-products or derivatives, Carnivorous animals and birds of prey, Animals not slaughtered according to the Islamic requirements, Blood and blood by-products, Alcohol and other intoxicants, Foods that are contaminated with haram products, Food products and ingredients such as gelatin, enzymes, emulsifiers, etc. are considered Mash-booh and must be evaluated before they can be accepted.
Tourism and Hospitality
Halal tourism and hospitality includes hotels, transport (airlines), food restaurants, tour packages, finance and medical tourism. Therefore, halal tourism and hospitality consists of different sectors which are related with each other that are particularly designed to cater for Muslim considerations and address Muslim needs.
Muslim tourism to be based on Islamic teaching that encourages individuals, especially women and children to travel with their muhrim which means that someone who has blood relation with them to provide them with security.
Muslims are only allowed to eat meat that has been prepared according to Islamic law. This method is often challenged by animal rights activists as ‘causing unnecessary suffering to the animal’. Muslims disagree and say that Islamic law on killing animals is designed to reduce the pain and distress that the animal suffers.
Pharmaceutical products that contain ingredients permitted under the Shariah law and fulfill the conditions do not contain any parts or products of animals that are non-halal or any parts or products of animals which are not slaughtered according to Shariah law.
Halal pharmaceutical products should not only be free from haram constituents, but they should also be tayyib which is a term given to goods and products which meet quality standards. In general, tayyib refers to products that are clean, pure and produced based on standard processes and procedures. Thus, a pharmaceutical product should not only be halal, but should also be judged clean according to Shari’a law.
Cosmetics and Personal Care
Halal Cosmetics and Personal Care are body and skin care products which are known to be free from the materials that are forbidden by the Islamic society. Halal cosmetics and Personal Care are based on the concepts of Halal and non-Halal, Najis and Mutanajis, safety and quality. Halal cosmetic and Personal Care are considered as an innovation to the cosmetic industry as it introduces new external and internal operations that will serve the growing customer needs. Halal cosmetics and Personal Care are concerned towards halal compliance that are basically applied upon the entire supply chain which ranges from sourcing of raw materials to manufacturing, transportation, freight handling and warehousing.
Halal logistics could be referred to the application of the halalan toyyiban principles along the supply chain activities, which means that all the activities ranging from the source of supply, storage, transportation, manufacturing, handling, and distributing should adhere to the concept of halalan toyyiban as underlined by Islamic law. This means that the halal products should not be mixed with the non- halal products throughout the logistics activity to ensure that the halal status of a product could be maintained.
Islamic Banking and Finance
Islamic banking, also known as non-interest banking, is a banking system that is based on the principles of Islamic, or Shari’ah, law and guided by Islamic economics. Two fundamental principles of Islamic banking are the sharing of profit and loss and the prohibition of the collection and payment of interest by lenders and investors. Islamic law prohibits collecting interest or “riba.” Islamic rules on transactions are called Fiqh al-Muamalat.
Islamic finance is equity-based, asset-backed, ethical, sustainable, environmentally- and socially-responsible finance. It promotes risk sharing, connects the financial sector with the real economy, and emphasizes financial inclusion and social welfare.
Halal lifestyle is an ethical one. It is a coherent parameter designed for health, safety and human well-being. With a set of practices, it offers Muslims navigation regarding different themes such as food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, logistics, clothing, finance, hospitality and banking.